A STUDY OF THE BOOK OF PHILEMON
AUTHORED BY: THE APOSTLE PAUL
DATE WRITTEN: Around 60AD
MAIN CHARACTERS: Paul, Philemon, Onesimus
FACT: The name Onesimus actually means "Useful" - a name commonly given to slaves.
SETTING: This letter was written to the church in Colossae (which was held in the home of Philemon). The letter was written by Paul while he was in Prison. While in prison, Paul meets a runaway slave named Onesimus, who was the runaway slave of Philemon (or Archippus.) Paul develops a close relationship (that of a spiritual son) with Onesimus and leads him to Christ. Paul feels obligated to return Onesimus to Philemon and so he does. This letter is written by Paul to Philemon to admonish him to accept Onesimus as if he were accepting Paul himself.
What is the Colossian Church?: The Colossian church was most likely founded by Epaphras (one of Paul's converts) and this church was held in the house of Philemon in Colossae.
What can be said about Slavery at the time?: We find that the institution of slavery was abundant in this point in time. Even Christians owned slaves. Slaves were often viewed as nothing more that human tools and could be put to death for running away or becoming useless. This letter written by Paul was radical for the time. It breaks down all social barriers and beautifully demonstrates how a new Christ follower has immediate purpose and value.
PHILEMON TOPICAL BREAKDOWN
UPLOAD TRAINING VIDEO - BOOK OF PHILEMON